Western Toad Bufo boreas [Special Concern / Blue-listed] The western toad is a member of the family Bufonidae. It can be found in the Yukon, British Columbia, and western Alberta, as well as several western states in the U.S. The skin of a toad is bumpy and dry, ranging in colour from olive-green to reddish brown to almost black. The belly is pale and mottled, and there is an obvious white or pale stripe running down the back.
Sturnella neglecta [Red-listed] This attractive large blackbird (up to 26 cm) has a yellow chest with a distinctive black V-shaped collar. Thus far the meadowlark has been observed on Salt Spring only in the winter. Spring nesting would be expected to occur in grassy fields, where the bird weaves a grassy nest with a roof, located on the ground.
Piperia candida [Red-listed] Despite its broad range, Alaska to California, this rare orchid is still known from less than a dozen sites in British Columbia. On Salt Spring Island, it is so far only reported from one location where it occurs in a dry Douglas-fir and arbutus forest.
Erythemis collocata [blue-listed] This dragonfly has a green face, and the body of the female is green, although the males become bluish-gray as they age. Prime habitat is the edges of wetlands, including small ponds containing floating plants, where the adult dragonflies feed upon other insects.
Bremnerii subspecies: Speyeria zerene bremnerii [Red-listed] This orange-brown butterfly has black markings on the wings. Eggs are laid in the litter and dried stems of the early blue violet, Viola adunca, a small blue-purple five-petalled plant. Protection of the violet is critical for butterfly conservation.