Dry Coniferous Forest [Blue-Listed]
While salal dominates the understory in most Douglas-fir forests, on sites where there are more nutrients and moisture available, it becomes replaced with sword fern. Along the edges there may also be grand fir, cedar and even bigleaf maple. Although the mix of species is common on Salt Spring, there are only a few places where it forms a dominant and well-defined community.
Photo by Ryan Batten