Protecting and enhancing the natural values of Salt Spring Island and its surrounding waters



>Rachel Bevington

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So far Rachel Bevington has created 53 blog entries.

Garry Oak and Oceanspray

Dry Broadleaf Forest [Red-Listed] Some of the best examples of this scrub oak community are found on Salt Spring Island at Mt. Maxwell. They form dense thickets in steep rocky gullies where there is almost no soil. The thick layer of oceanspray provides excellent habitat for a wide range


Douglas-fir and Arbutus

Dry Coniferous Forest [Red-Listed] Few other associations define where we live better than the mix of Douglas-fir and arbutus trees that fringe our coastline and upland slopes. The ratio of each species seems to depend on a combination of fire history and soil depth, with arbutus usually a little more


Douglas-fir and Dull Oregon-grape

Dry Coniferous Forest [Red-Listed] This Douglas-fir dominated community usually forms at upland sites when the forest canopy begins to shade out most of the salal that usually occupies the understory. Both grand fir and western hemlock are usually present to some degree, interspersed among the Douglas-fir. Growing on Salt Spring


Douglas-fir, Lodgepole Pine and Grey Rock-moss

Dry Coniferous Forest [Red-Listed] Like the arbutus and manzanita association with which it occurs, this community also favours ridge-crests and hilltops where there are expansive views. It’s rare on Salt Spring Island occurring mostly at the summits of Mt. Erskine, Mt. Bruce and Mt. Maxwell. Photo by Ryan Batten


Douglas-fir, Western Hemlock and Salal

Dry Coniferous Forest [Blue-Listed] This densely forested community usually grows along middle slopes and represents the direction that most ecological succession in our area is moving towards. It occurs at many places on Salt Spring Island but there are few places where it forms large intact stands. At most sites,


Douglas-fir and Alaska Onion-grass

Dry Coniferous Forest [Red-Listed] An uncommon association that begins to form in open Douglas-fir forests, often in areas where there are Garry oaks nearby. Alaska oniongrass occurs in small patches in the openings along with long-stoloned sedge, occasional camas and a near continuous cover of electrified cat’s tail moss. Known


Douglas-fir and Sword Fern

Dry Coniferous Forest [Blue-Listed] While salal dominates the understory in most Douglas-fir forests, on sites where there are more nutrients and moisture available, it becomes replaced with sword fern. Along the edges there may also be grand fir, cedar and even bigleaf maple. Although the mix of species is common


Grand Fir and Dull Oregon-grape

Mesic Coniferous Forest [Red-Listed] This rare forested community usually occurs in small patches on slopes where there are deep nutrient rich soils and has a mostly shaded understory often completely covered with dull Oregon-grape. Douglas-fir, cedar and western hemlock all occur in varying ratios. Compared with these often more dominant


Grand Fir and Three-leaved Foamflower

Moist Coniferous Forest [Red-Listed] While more common on the northern Gulf Islands, grand fir and foamflower form a dominant community in shaded valley bottoms where the soils are rich and there is abundant moisture. Cedar, sword fern, western star flower, trillium and vanilla leaf all occur intermixed in these associations


Western Hemlock, Douglas-fir and Oregon Beaked-moss

Mesic Coniferous Forest [Red-Listed] This forested community often occurs in valley bottoms and upland terraces where thin soils may limit the development of salal thickets that prevail at other sites. In our area, this was once one of the dominant forest types before its range was diminished by logging.